Stages of Atheroma

Atheroma or Atherosclerosis refers to a condition in which your arteries harden. It happens when there is a build-up of fat or cholesterol and calcium inside the wall lining of the artery. 

It results in the formation of a substance called plaque. Over time, the calcium and fat accumulation narrow down the artery and restrict blood flow.

Did you know that atheroma is the leading cause of mortalities worldwide? When living in India and suffering from this condition, it is advised to seek the best cardiac treatment hospital in Bangalore. 

Problems Caused by Atheroma

Treating a condition like an atheroma requires you to avail of specialized care. Only the best cardiac treatment hospital in Bangalore should be contacted when dealing with its symptoms. 

Coronary artery disease – Atheroma impacts the arteries whose function is to supply blood to your heart, that is, the coronary arteries. Due to its impact, proper blood flow to your heart muscle drastically gets restricted. 

Heart attack – Atheroma results in the formation of plaque. A fibrous cap surrounds this plaque. It has a high chance of tearing or rupturing. When it tears, the body starts to repair the damaged artery lining. A blood clot forms in the artery which can entirely block the blood supply to the heart muscle. It thus results in a heart attack. 

Stroke – Atheroma’s effect on the arteries that provide blood to your brain may result in a stroke or transient ischemic attack. 

Peripheral arterial disease – Atheroma also can impact arteries in various other body parts like the pelvis and legs. It results in poor blood circulation in these areas. 

It is crucial to choose the very best cardiac treatment hospital in Bangalore if you want to treat this condition properly. Such a treatment center possesses all the advanced and specialized facilities required for the patient. 

Stages of Atheroma

The exact process of atheroma is still not entirely understood by the medical community. However, scientists have designated three different stages of this condition that results in arteries becoming clogged. These stages may not occur in the order described below. 

The fatty streak – It appears as a yellow streak that runs inside the arterial walls like the aorta. It comprises white blood cells, cholesterol, and other cellular matter. This fatty streak does not lead to heart disease symptoms. Still, there is a high chance of it developing into an advanced form of Atherosclerosis. It is also called fibrous plaque.

The plaque – Is formed in the inner arterial layer. It is an accumulation of white blood cells, cholesterol, calcium, and some other substances. Over some time, it narrows the artery and hardens it. 

Stable and unstable plaque – Plaques are categorized based on their risk of rupturing. Stable plaques are not likely to rupture. Unstable plaques have a high risk of rupturing. Plaque inflammation can result in the fibrous cap of the plaques becoming unstable and thus rupturing. 

Blocked artery – If the plaques rupture, it can result in a blocked artery. The blood clot that forms in response to the tear blocks the blood flow. It results in a heart attack or stroke. 

The best cardiac treatment hospital in Bangalore experts will identify the stage and modify the treatment accordingly. The condition can turn fatal, so it is essential to avail of treatment as early as possible. 

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