What are the 5 Types of Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a condition of mental health that affects a person’s thoughts and behaviors. It is characterized by a range of thought and behavior-related symptoms like delusions, hallucination, and unusual ways of thinking. Schizophrenia Treatment is essential to cure the disease. 

Schizophrenia involves psychosis which leads to loss of connection with reality in some form. People having comorbidities may experience an anxiety disorder, depression, and a substance use disorder. People with schizophrenia have a higher risk of cardiovascular and respiratory disease due to smoking and decreased engagement in health-promoting behavior. 

Paranoid Type

It is the most common form of schizophrenia. The symptoms are as follows:

- Hallucination: Hearing voices, seeing things, or having a strange taste in the mouth. 

- Delusions: These are false beliefs and people sometimes feel that God is reading their mind. 

- Disorganized speech: Difficulty in speaking and shifting quickly from one thought to another.

- Behavioural problem or mood swings

A good Schizophrenia Treatment is very important to overcome those symptoms.

Hebephrenic or Disorganized Schizophrenia 

 In this type of Schizophrenia, people experience

- Slow movements

- Writing excessively but without any meaning

- Forgetfulness

- Difficulty in making a decision

- Repeating gestures

- Inappropriate emotional response.

Undifferentiated Schizophrenia 

It involves symptoms that did not fit into the paranoid, hebephrenic, and catatonic types of Schizophrenia. It can be cured of a good Schizophrenia Treatment. Hospitalization may be indicated in patients having severe symptoms like suicidal tendencies and inability to care for themselves.

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Catatonia Schizophrenia is seen in various psychiatric and general medical conditions. It involves:

- Mustin

- Mimicking Behaviour 

- Remaining in a fixed position for a longer period of time

Residual Schizophrenia

It usually includes more negative symptoms like:

- Isolation from the family, friends, and social activities

- Lack of emotions

- Speaking less

- Fatigue

- Loss of interest in life

- Poor Hygiene

- Lack of motivation 

The symptoms are of lesser intensity. 

The doctor performs a complete medical evaluation, complete brain imaging studies, and blood analysis are also performed. The person should be diagnosed with Schizophrenia Treatment otherwise it will affect their work and social life. 

Treatment

Medication can help to relieve the most troubling symptoms but can't cure schizophrenia. The medication includes:

- Thorazine and Haldol

- Antipsychotics like Risperdal, Clozapine, etc.

- Psychosocial therapy can help with an occupational, behavioral, and social problem, 

- In Electroconvulsive therapy, electrodes are attached to the patient, and shocks are administered to the brain under anesthesia. 

The researcher has identified people with Schizophrenia experience biological changes that cause negative symptoms and psychosis. Classification of Schizophrenia has changed over the past year. Schizophrenia interferes with the brain’s immune response and 80% of the people with Schizophrenia are unemployed and left alone. 

Final Thoughts

Schizophrenia is a complex condition and many health-related issues with similar symptoms. Mental health experts no longer use the terms disorganized schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, or catatonic schizophrenia. Rather, they use the umbrella term schizophrenia to describe the condition as a whole. 

They make a note of which specific symptoms an individual is experiencing. If a person is concerned about symptoms that they or a close one is experiencing. Then they should suggest proper Schizophrenia Treatment.


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