What Skills are Necessary to Become a Devops Engineer?

Over the years, DevOps has emerged as one of the most sought after career choices among IT professionals. One of the reports by Global Market Insights has revealed that the DevOps job market has increased by 40-45% in the last 5 years. If this trend continues, IT companies will soon fall short of skilled DevOps engineers. 

Thus IT professionals who are considering to pursue a career in DevOps engineering must try strengthening their skillset to turn into desirable DevOps professionals who can bring the real change in how organizations function. This can be accomplished by gaining adequate technical knowledge through a Devops Engineer Certification and by working upon the personal skills. 

So let’s walk you through the skills that can convert you into a skilled and successful DevOps engineer.

Technical Skills

These are the core skills that every DevOps engineer should acquire to manage the processes well. To be technically proficient, a DevOps engineer must have the following skills:

  • Familiarity with Relevant Toolset: For a smooth sail, IT companies combine advanced operating systems (OS) with services and relevant tools for developing and deploying softwares to enhance or design different applications. While there are so many OS and tools all around, a skilled DevOps engineer knows about the best of the lot and knows when and why which tool or OS needs to be used. Following are the tools and Operating systems that every DevOps engineer must know about:
    1. Operating System: Microsoft window, Linux, and Public cloud OS like Microsoft Azure and Google Compute Platform
    2. Tools: Git, Jenkins, Docker, Kubernetes, Ansible, Prometheus & Grafana
  • Knowledge of Programming & Scripting Languages: Although DevOps engineers have nothing to do with writing codes, having a basic idea of programming and scripting languages help them to get a better understanding of the source code, generate scripts and manage the integrations well. Thus, knowledge of languages like PHP, Python, Ruby, Java, C++, Perl may really help DevOps engineers. 
  • Strong Configuration & Version Management Skills: DevOps engineers need to be fast and efficient in creating and manifesting new softwares. For this reason it’s imperative for DevOps engineers to have profound configuration and version management skills. With the help of these skills, DevOps engineers are able to combine together the right tools and techniques and make the releases as per the ever changing demands of customers. 
  • Efficiency in Release Deployment: A DevOps engineer’s role goes beyond just developing a software. Additionally, DevOps engineers need to look after the provisioning and deployment of the software releases. DevOps engineers act as a bridge between the development and operations team to ensure efficient development and release of softwares. 
  • Expertise in Security Practices: During the software development process, it’s the responsibility of a DevOps engineer to take care of the security issues and ensure that any data leakage doesn’t happen. This is done by running a vulnerability testing and encrypting the data when at rest. 
  • Ability to Evaluate Releases: DevOps engineers should be capable to evaluate the performance of the releases appropriately and make the necessary changes using correct tools and techniques. Some of the popular tools that can help in analysing the performance of software releases are Nagios, Sensu, Amazon, Splunk and Zabbix. 
  • Extensive Knowledge of Networks: Having an in-depth knowledge of network protocols help DevOPs engineers to optimize the networks better and further aid in good networking and strengthen the data security. 
  • Problem Solving: DevOps engineers are associated with complex operations and often come across a range of problems while developing and deploying softwares. This is where the troubleshooting skills of DevOps engineers come into use. For a strong management of processes, it’s imperative that DevOps engineers strengthen their problem-solving skills by gaining knowledge and exposure to similar problems. 

Non-Technical Skills 

Apart from the technical skills, there are a few non-technical or soft skills without which a DevOps engineer would ot be able to perform the responsibilities efficiently. These are: 

  • Great Communication Skills: The role of a DevOps engineer is not restricted to technical ones and to be an efficient DevOps engineer, it’s important to have great communication skills. Having great communication skills help a DevOps engineer to manage the operations and development teams well, share the ideas well, resolve the conflicts and quickly turn the ideas into actions.
  • Effective Team Management: DevOps engineers being at a responsible position, have to coordinate between software development and operations teams to make the releases faster without any hassle. And depending on the organization size, senior DevOps engineers may have to manage a team of DevOps engineers. Considering all this, it becomes essential for DevOps engineers to have great team management skills which primarily includes application management, application deployment, resolving issues and promoting teamwork. 
  •  Excellent Troubleshooting Skills: DevOps is full of complications and escaping from problems is inevitable for a DevOps engineer. Be it a network issue, managing the workload or an application deployment issue, a DevOps engineer should be able to troubleshoot the problems efficiently and provide right solutions at the right time. 
  • Good Collaboration Skills: As a DevOps engineer acts as a bridge between the development team and the operations team, having good collaboration skills is a must to promote syncing between the teams and effective teamwork. This further extends to collaborate well with the customers to understand their requirements well and also educate them about the nitty and gitty of release processes. 
DevOps expects professionals to take the ownership of handling complex processes related to application development and manage the related teams efficiently. To achieve this, DevOps engineers are required to acquire the skills discussed above and play their roles perfectly.

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