Line Marking: An Ultimate Guide and Australian Standard Guidelines for Line Marking

 

What is Line Marking?

Line marking is the procedure of applying, painting, spraying, or drawing lines on a surface to identify points of interest or indicate traffic directions. Line marking is highly useful for traffic lanes in order to notify vehicles and pedestrians of traffic laws, dangers, or no-passing zones, as well as for goals connected to road safety. Applications of road marking services are found in a wide range of enterprises and industries, including parking lots in retail or public areas, factories, and warehouses.

Benefits of Line Marking

Line markers are essential in our daily lives for a variety of reasons, whether we are aware of them or not. They provide a necessary service that frequently goes unnoticed, whether it be directing us to a parking spot or helping us find our way. 

Line Markings Assist in Controlling Traffic

On-the-road drivers must abide by the current traffic and driving laws. Line markings or road marking services provide support for this by emphasising driving techniques that are permitted on particular stretches or sections of the road. Roads that are well designated enable drivers to accurately adhere to traffic laws. Drivers who can distinguish between solid and fractured white lines will know when to stay in their lane and when it's safe to pass another car, making vehicles move further without causing any traffic or congestion.

Enhanced Driver and Pedestrian Safety

Roads that are clearly designated and marked promote safety for both automobiles and pedestrians. When used effectively, painted, highly visible pedestrian lanes and crosswalks allow pedestrians to cross roads safely while enabling automobiles to slow down and halt. Furthermore, some of the driver and pedestrian safety road markings include unloading zones, clearly marked parking spaces, no parking zones, and tow-away zones. Line markers are crucial not only on roadways but also in shopping centres, government buildings, schools, and commercial locations.

Easy Accessibility of Senior Citizens and PWDs

With the use of Line markings, senior residents and people with disabilities can have the allocated parking and access they need (PWDs). For the convenience of older citizens and those with disabilities, supermarkets and malls can allocate parking spaces with line markings to make  them closer to driveways and entrances as well as identify ramps and pedestrian access zones. 

Parking Space Allocation


Parking driveway entries and spaces should be clearly designated for the benefit of both commercial and residential premises. In addition to properly optimising parking, appropriate arrow and directional markings improve traffic flow and lessen the likelihood of accidents and property damage. Creating safety for vehicles and pedestrians on the road is practical and economical with line-marking implementation.

Applications of Line Marking

1. Parking spaces and guiding signs in parking lots

In parking lots, line markers help to improve safety by reducing collisions and vehicle damage. Ample space between vehicles is provided by strategically placed lines, which also enable car park managers to maximise the number of vehicles that can fit in the area. Additionally, line markings are utilised to direct vehicles throughout the entire parking lot, ensuring that they move in a systematic manner.

2. Roadside lane markings and pedestrian symbols

Typically, roads have lanes specifically for use by moving vehicles. Lanes improve traffic management and reduce the likelihood of collisions and accidents. In addition to lanes, line markings are another method for ensuring the safety of pedestrians. Examples of this include sidewalk lines and zebra crossing lines.

3. Safety Markings in Industrial Areas

Industrial locations like warehouses and manufacturing plants are high-risk environments since there are so many potential hazards there. This is another reason why it's critical that these websites use security measures. Line markings make it possible for people to locate places where safety measures must be taken. Line markings can aid in reducing the risks at these locations together with signage, safety gear, and hazard mitigation tools, including firefighting equipment and spill kits.

4. Sports fields and facilities

The purpose of line markings is not limited to encouraging orderly and safe movement. They are employed for recreational pursuits as well, particularly those involving sporting venues. Sports fields such as football, basketball, gridiron, and baseball grounds frequently employ line marking services.

Types of Materials used for Line Marking

Depending on the surface and mark being formed, line-marking operations can be performed with a variety of materials and paints. Each of these materials possesses unique qualities, such as anti-skid, reflectivity, durability, and efficiency. Some of the most widely used materials for line marking purposes are given below.

Thermoplastic: The basic ingredients of thermoplastic materials include synthetic resin, coloured pigments, glass beads, fillers for wood, and other additions. It is available in powder form, which is heated in a tank before being applied by a specialised line marking/striping machine, or the screed version, which can also be applied using a hand mould. When painted properly and at the proper temperature, it melts on the surface and creates a solid, long-lasting connection.

Water-based Line Marking Paint: When it comes to line-marking operations, water-based paint is the most common. In comparison to other line-marking products, water-based  paint is much more environmentally friendly. Furthermore, water-based paints can be applied over all types of line marking, are far less dangerous, dry quickly, and typically require less specialised line marking machinery to apply than other types of paint. Although it is less harmful to the environment and emits little fumes, it is not suggested to use it when humidity levels are high, especially during the winter.

Epoxy Resin: Epoxy paints are incredibly durable and chemical-resistant. It is used more frequently in locations like garages, workshops, warehouses, and other industrial floors. A coloured resin base and a hardener make up the two components of epoxy resin, which makes it a long-lasting pavement marking material. Line marking applications require a mixture of two parts resin to one part hardener. This substance is sprayed and frequently combined with reflective glass beads to provide nocturnal retroreflectivity.

MMA: The most resilient and expensive paint on the market is methyl methacrylate (MMA), often known as cold plastic. Although it is applied cold and performs better than hot thermoplastic paint, it is similar to thermoplastic paint. The paint ingredient and the catalyst are both included in MMA line marking paint. The catalyst is mixed into the paint and diluted before being manually applied with a brush, roller, or hand mould. Since the catalyst's working life when mixed is only approximately 10-15 minutes, application must be completed fairly quickly. All surface preparation must be completed before the catalyst is mixed in.

Solvent-based Line Marking Paint: Compared to water-based line-marking paint, solvent-based line-marking paint is less frequently used. It is only used in certain situations when additional durability is needed or if the client prefers solvent-based paint. There is a low VOC option for solvent-based paints that is safer for the environment. In nations with wet and humid climates, this paint is more popular.

Pre-formed Thermoplastic: Thermoplastic that's been preformed or bonded into rolls or sheets is known as preformed thermoplastic. It is so simple to use that all you have to do with the tape is cut it to the appropriate length and heat it with a gas torch. Pre-formed thermoplastic is one of the most useful and efficient kinds of line marking; it is strong, reasonably priced, and even comes pre-cut and is easy to use. The use of this kind of line marking substance is restricted to particular circumstances since it must be applied to a dry, clean surface. For prominent sites or clients who have requested intricate patterns, pre-formed thermoplastic is a great choice.

Types of Line Markings

Based on the positioning of the markings in relation to vehicular movement as well as the function of the markings, the line markings are divided into 7 types.

1. Longitudinal Marking


The main goal of longitudinal marking is to direct and navigate the driver during forward movements while forbidding overtaking manoeuvres in specific dangerous spots to prevent side-swipe and head-on collision mishaps. These are typically adjacent to and parallel to the traffic flow, and they serve to divide the traffic moving in the same direction. The pavement markings must be applied while taking into account their visibility both during the day and at night, and they must be clear enough for a person to understand. Typically, the longitudinal marks are yellow and white in colour. While yellow is used to separate traffic flowing in the other direction and also aids in separating pavement edges, white is the most frequently employed colour for marking.pavement edges.

2. Transverse Marking

Transverse pavement markings are suitable for calming rural traffic, particularly in transition areas when drivers are being made aware of a change in the nature of the roadway. This could be a directive to stop at a crosswalk, a caution to be aware of pedestrians, or a warning to stay out of crosshatched or painted islands-delineated areas. Since pavement markings are seen at a low approach angle, transverse lines should be proportioned to offer visibility that is at least equivalent to that of longitudinal lines.

3. Arrow Marking

Arrow marks are painted on pavement or roadways to steer drivers in the right direction and alleviate traffic congestion. When turning or diverging, drivers must use or adhere to such arrow markings. In other words, the arrows painted on the roadway are intended to point the driver in the right direction to make legally required turns.


4. Hazard Marking

Hazard markings make it easier for vehicles to do important tasks like merging or separating lanes of traffic, forbidding crossovers, and diverting traffic away from potentially dangerous circumstances. The most common marking techniques used for hazard markings are chevron and diagonal marking, hatch marking, and prohibitory marking.

5. Block Marking

Block markings take the form of blocks, such as zebra crossings for pedestrians and triangular and chequered blocks for speed breakers. Visibility is crucial for creating the best block marking possible. Such markings need to be identified so that drivers can see them. The way thermoplastic paint is applied in block marking differs from how it is used in longitudinal marking. 

6. Directional markings or Word Markings

Directional markings are those that are written or painted in words so that they are clear and enable the driver to respond appropriately. The message's characters have been lengthened so that the driver seeing it from a lower angle can read it. The words like "Stop," "Slow," "Exit only," "School," "Speed limit," and "Curve ahead" are some of the examples of directional markings.

7. Facility Markings

Facility markings are those markings that are made to make it easier for cars to park. Facility marking is a fantastic way to increase safety and productivity at your workplace. This marker aids in making parking easier for cars and informs drivers of parking space constraints and limitations. Additionally, it restricts trespassing on areas that have been marked, such as bus stops and fire hydrant zones. A uniform marking standard throughout the entire facility helps to identify dangers and boost production. It includes floor marking tape, reflective signage, and safety labels.

Precautions to be taken while Implementing Line Marking Operations

Identification of environmental health and safety factors associated with the application of pavement marking activities is essential for employees, employers, and government organisations participating in pavement marking. It is also essential to seamlessly implement line marking services without causing any inconvenience or disturbance to the general public.

Barricading the worksite

Barricading the jobsite is an additional aspect of safety to be addressed. Contractors will ensure the safety of both the workers and any drivers by adequately barricading a workplace. When barricading, line-marking companies should be cautious in communicating their goals and message to drivers in a clear and effective manner.

Working at Nights

Since the newly line-marked terrain is slippery and smooth, tyres may slip or skid (particularly for two-wheelers). Additionally, while using freshly painted line marking pavements during the day, pedestrians should be careful. Since the surface remains wet and smooth during the day, it can be a distraction to the general public and increase the danger of falls and injuries for pedestrians. Another significant benefit of working at night is that there are fewer distractions and interventions from people, which speeds up completion of tasks compared to working during the day.

Operation Crew Safety

Every contractor should be aware of how important it is to follow basic safety precautions in order to prevent accidents. To avoid accidents, crews must always wear safety vests and goggles on the jobsite. Contractors should also frequently use gloves since they can shield hands from minor cuts and abrasions. They are also effective in shielding hands from solvent and paint.

Australian Rules and Standards for Line Marking

  1. For Australian public roadways, the "Australian Standard AS 1742.2:2009" specifies the road line markings, road signage, traffic devices, and traffic control. Along with the Australian Standards, there are frequently other commonly used standards for the visible display of vehicle lines in parking lots, public spaces, factories, and warehouses. 
  2. There are significant variances in the practises of Australian road agencies with regard to line marking types, widths, and other pavement markings. In addition, harmonised performance-based specifications/design standards for pavement markings are desperately required.  
  3.  The Austroads Road Authority Pavement Markings Group (RAPMG) has been working on creating a standardised performance-based specification for linemarkings for a number of years. 
  4. The RAPMG includes a study of various pavement markings, including widths and styles of longitudinal and transverse line marking. The task was done by analysing the current Australian Standards and conducting a survey of the current procedures used by the various road agencies. The best course of action was then determined by comparing these. In order to create a national performance definition for pavement markings, the project also included a review of road agency specifications for pavement markings.

Most Important Australian Standards for Line Marking


  1. AS1742

  1. In order to offer consistency and harmonisation across all jurisdictions, Austroads has published the Guide to Traffic Management, and all road authorities in Australia have committed to following the Austroads recommendations. As a result of this agreement, the new Austroads manuals and the Australian Standards they relate to will be the primary technical resources used by the Roads and Maritime Services (RMS).
  2. RMS adopts the guidelines in the Australian Standard Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, with the exceptions listed in this supplemental section under the categories such as RMS Enhanced Practice, RMS Complementary Material, and RMS Departures.
  3.  The AS1742 manual is issued to clarify, add to, or modify the existing Australian Standard Guidebook of Uniform Traffic Control Devices. The Uniform Traffic Control Devices Manual (AS1742) contains application-specific guidelines from Parts 1 to 15. Occasionally, certain documents are changed, changing or adding indications that are not part of AS1742.1. Therefore, it is suggested that you look over all the documentation pertinent to a specific kind of road operation like line markings.

  1. AS1743 

  1. The AS1743 standard defines a summarised materials and manufacturing specification for the production of the common road signs outlined in AS 1742, as well as criteria for graphics, layout, and size.
  2. The main objective of this standard is to provide users and producers of road signs with specifications and guidelines on marking materials and manufacturing quality, as well as standard designs or design standards for sign shape and graphic content.

Infra Projects for Line Marking Services

Infra Projects Group is the pioneer in offering line marking services in Melbourne. At Infra Projects Group, we employ highly qualified line marking specialists with years of experience. We give your home a brand-new appearance and give you a new look. Roads are made more slick and aesthetically pleasing by line marking. Using our knowledge and creativity, we offer you a brand new look for your property. 


Our state-of-the-art machinery produces flawless results by giving your parking lots, walkways, etc., a well-finished appearance. We offer line marking services for a wide range of assets, including homes, businesses, sports fields, and many more. Due to our superior services, we are a highly regarded contractor for line marking in Melbourne. With our low-cost line marking service in Melbourne, we hope to satisfy your individual needs and improve the aesthetics of your house.

Conclusion 

At Infra Projects Group, we take great pleasure in our ability to satisfy the line marking requirements of our clients by performing all of our work in a safe and effective manner, to the highest standard, and within scheduled time periods and budgets. Our hard-earned reputation for quality, dependability, and customer service has helped us develop an enviable clientele, making us one of the safest, most dependable, and most professional providers of line marking services. Call us at +61 43 031 4949 to discuss your needs and requirements and receive a prompt consultation from our experts. 


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